Do you have an important decision to make? Here are a list of questions to help guide you
• What is the key issue/problem that you are trying to resolve?
• What information do you have about this issue?
• What are your ideas and assumptions that support your strategy or plan?
• Is there solid evidence to support those assumptions, and what might be some gaps in your reasoning?
• Who are the key stakeholders and what are their viewpoints?
• What other ideas should be explored, and what else do you need to know?
• What are the pros and cons of the solution that you are proposing?
• What are your biases? Is there someone who has a different opinion than yours that you could run your ideas by?
• What impact will your decision have on others? How will you handle this?
• Who would disagree with your proposed solution? What is the rationale that supports their viewpoint?
• What key points, models and/or perspectives do you need to keep in mind as you evaluate the options?
• What will be the impact of your decision?
After evaluating all of the facts, what is the best possible conclusion?
• What specific evidence is driving your conclusion?
• Is there new evidence that would impact your decision?
I co-authored a white paper that provides more examples and information about the importance of critical thinking in business. Check it out: “Critical Thinking Means Business”
Personality type indicators are one way that you can help guide individuals and teams through a systematic decision making process based on personal styles. A popular model for decision making that leverages personality type is the zig-zag model or Z model.
Below is a summary of how each type prefers to implement a decision:
Extraverts typically will
– Feel comfortable taking a visible role
– Prepared to alter a decision to meet external demands
– Delegate liberally
Introverts typically will
– Feel comfortable working behind the scenes
– Be reluctant to alter a decision to meet external demands
– Delegate sparingly
Sensing types will typically
– Focus on attaining tangible goals
– What to have or follow precise instructions
– Feel motivated by connecting current actions to immediate benefits
iNtuitive types will typically
– Focus on attaining conceptual goals
– Want to have or follow general guidelines
– Feel motivated by connecting current actions to future possibilities
Thinking types typically will:
– See efficiency first
– Support the decision maker by supporting the decision making process
– Be tough when necessary to keep things on track
Feeling types typically will
– Seek cooperation first
– Support the decision making process by supporting the decision maker
– Be encouraging when necessary to keep things on track
Judging/Organizaing types will typically
– Establish time frames and identify milestones
– Expect to follow through and stick to the plan
– Minimize the interruptions and diversions in the interest of achieving the outcome
Perceiving/Adapting types will typically
– Introduce broad parameters and suggest optimal outcomes
– Expect to adapt and make adjustments to the plan
– Respond to interruptions and diversions in the interest of enriching the outcome
I was laughing as I pulled this list together. I am in the process of a major life decision and I have found myself delegating liberally, connecting current actions to future possibilities, encouraging others to see opportunities and making adjustments to my plan constantly. There is no denying that I am an ENFP. Do any of these examples relate to your personal style?